me   splorp.newton.glossary

The almost definitive guide to Newton-related terms and definitions.

Version 1.0.4

The Newton Glossary has been compiled by Grant Hutchinson, with gobs of help from Paul Guyot and Victor Rehorst. Nothing is absolutely perfect or completely finished, so if you have a suggestion or a correction for the glossary, please send a message to glossary@splorp.com. You can also search for specific terms using the searchable version of the glossary.

New! Go grab yourself a random term from the searchable glossary. Courtesy of Victor Rehorst.

 

The Newton Glossary is also available in Newton Book format. There is one version formatted to fit on all Newton screens, and one formatted for use in portrait orientation on MessagePad 2000 and 2100 devices. Choose wisely.

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802.11
A family of standards developed by the IEEE for wireless networking. See also AirMac, AirPort, WaveLan and WEP. Source: GH
 
ACTFAQ
After Checking The FAQ. A statement made after searching in vain for an answer to a question in the FAQ, but prior to asking for help on the NewtonTalk mailing list. See also FAQ and NewtonTalk. Source: NTLK
 
Action Button
The small envelope button used in applications to invoke routing functions. When tapped, it displays a picker listing routing actions available for the current item. Source: NPG
 
Action Names
A contact management application created by Iambic Software which enhances the capabilities of the built-in Names and Dates applications. Also referred to as AN. Source: GH
 
Action Picker
A listing of various routing actions available for the current item. Activated by tapping on the Action Button. The Action button has the icon of an envelope on it and is sometimes referred to as the Envelope Button or Routing Button. See also Routing and Routing Slip. Source: GH
 
Address
A binary value specifying where in the memory a chunk of data or code exists. Source: PG
 
ADF
Application Definition Format. A text file format defined by Revelar Inc. that contains a description on how to display, edit, import, and export the data from an application soup so that the Revelar Connection Utility can handle it.
 
ADSP
Apple Datastream Protocol. A protocol original designed to facilitate communications between Mac OS computers and Dec Vax minicomputers.
 
AirMac
A brand name used by Apple in Japan for their version of the 802.11 wireless communication card, the AirPort. See also AirPort, WaveLan, and 802.11.
 
AirPort
A brand name used by Apple on their version of the 802.11 wireless communication card. See also AirMac, WaveLan, and 802.11.
 
Alert Box
A view that appears on the screen to warn the user or report an error. Source: NUIG
 
Alert Sound
An audible warning from the Newton's speaker that warns the user of an unusual or potentially undesirable situation. An alert sound may or may not be accompanied by a notification slip. Source: NUIG
 
Alias
An object that consists of a reference to another object. An alias saves space, since the alias object is small, and can be used to reference very large objects. Resolving an alias refers to retrieving the object that the alias references. See also Entry Alias. Source: NPG
 
AN
After Newton. The period of time that has elapsed since the cancellation of the Newton. Generally agreed to be any point after February 27th, 1998. AN is also an abbreviation for the Action Names software package. See also BN and DN. Source: NTLK
 
ANUG
Arizona Newton Users Group. See also Newton User Group.
 
API
See Application Programming Interface.
 
AppleTalk
A routable networking protocol developed by Apple for communications between Mac OS computers and other platforms over a Local Area Network. AppleTalk supports networking layers such as LocalTalk and Ethernet. Source: TE
 
Application
Software that performs a specific task, such as the Notepad, Dates, and Names. Source: NUIG
 
Application Base View
The topmost parent view in an application. The application base view typically encloses all other views that make up the application. See also Main View. Source: NPG
 
Application Card
A PC card that contains an application geared towards a specific use. Application cards are usually ROM-based, and therefore the user cannot modify or delete the data contained on them. Source: MPH
 
Application Programming Interface
A language and message format used by an application to communicate with the operating system or some other program. Also referred to as an API. Source: TE
 
Application Signature
A 4 to 10 character designation that uniquely identifies the creator or developer of a Newton application. This signature is embedded in an application when it is compiled into a package. Source: ADH
 
Arc
A portion of the circumference of an oval bounded by a pair of radii joining at the oval's center. Contrast a wedge, which includes part of the oval's interior. Arcs and wedges are defined by the bounding rectangle that encloses the oval, along with a pair of angles marking the positions of the bounding radii. Source: NPG
 
Ardis
A defunct wireless data carrier based in the United States. The Ardis network provided two-way data transmission based on radio packet technology. Ardis compatible wireless modems were used in the Motorola Marco Newton clone. See also Marco. Source: GH
 
Area 51
An easter egg found in the Newton OS which when activated displays the icon for a meeting as a person facing an alien, the icon for an event as a flying saucer, to-do tasks are represented by a robot, and so on. Source: OL
 
ARM
Advanced RISC Machines, the company that produced the processors used in Newton OS devices. See also StrongARM.
 
ARMageddon
One of two known NuBus-based cards that facilitated the running of a self-contained Newton development environment a Macintosh. Apple was to have produce these development cards in volume, but they proved to be expensive. It is thought that only about 50 were ever made. Shortly after they were introduced, prototype MessagePads appeared which could be used for development. Special software on the Macintosh was also required to use these cards. The ARMageddon card preceded the ARMistice card. Source: GH
 
ARMistice
A later version of the NuBus-based Newton development card. See ARMageddon. Source: GH
 
Array
A sequence of numerically indexed slots that contain objects. The first element is indexed by zero. Like other nonimmediate objects, an array can have a user-specified class, and can have its length changed dynamically. Also referred to as Array Elements. Source: NPG
 
Array Elements
See Array.
 
ASIC
Application Specific Integrated Circuit. A VLSI computer chip, custom-designed to perform one or more particular functions. Advantages include fewer discrete components, lower power consumption, and increased reliability. Source: FOLDOC
 
ASK
Amplitude Shift Keying. An infrared communications protocol developed by Sharp used in Newton devices. See also IrDA. Source: CL
 
Assist
A function built into Newton device that can automatically perform certain tasks for you. See also Assist Drawer. Source: GH
 
Assist Drawer
The container view or that appears when the Assist function is called. See also Assist. Source: NBM
 
AT
See AppleTalk.
 
ATA
Advanced Technology Attachment. An interface standard generally used for data storage devices.
 
Auto Dock
The automatic transfer of data between a Newton device to another computer once a connection has been made. Auto docking is activated by grounding one of the Newton Interconnect pins.
 
Auto-Repeat
The repeated automatic generation of characters that happens when a user holds down a key or presses the pen on an on-screen keyboard. Source: NUIGA
 
Away City
The emporium that's displayed as a counterpoint to your home city. It defines such information as dialing area, time zone, and so on. Sometimes it is called the "I'm here" city. See also Emporium. Source: NPG
 
Backdrop
The one application that cannot be closed. The Notepad is the default backdrop on Newton MessagePad device and Newton Works is the default on the eMate, but a user can use the Extras Drawer to make a different application the backdrop. Source: NUIG
 
Backlight
The Electro-Luminescent Panel which illuminates the display of a Newton device.
 
Bacon Lettuce Tomato & Garlic
See BLTG.Source: PG
 
Batman
Code name for one of the original designs of the MessagePad incorporating a car hood-shaped lid. See also H1000, OMP, Junior, and Wedge. Source: AD
 
Battery Cage
A removable component of a MessagePad which contains the batteries.
 
Bazooka
Code name of the Newton keyboard. Source: BT
 
Beam
See Beaming.
 
Beaming
Transmitting data to or receiving data from another device via an infrared-based connection. See also Infrared and Squirting.
 
Bezel
A covering or panel on an electronic device. Generally used in conjunction with protecting a visual display or connection port.
 
Bic
Code name of the second generation Newton prototype. Source: NSSN
 
Binary Object
A sequence of bytes that can represent any kind of data, can be adjusted dynamically in size, and can have a user-specified class. Examples of binary objects include strings, real numbers, sounds, and bitmaps. Source: NPG
 
Bitmap
A set of bits in the Newton's memory that represent the pixels of a picture. Source: NUIG
 
Blinking Line
A flashing line indicating where new text will be inserted. See also Caret.
 
BLTG
A value found in RAM on a Newton device which is used to indicate whether the globals which live across reboots are valid or not. The BLTG acronym is defined in the Newton development header files and can also be found in the Newton OS source code. As referred to as Bacon Lettuce Tomato & Garlic. Source: PG
 
BN
Before Newton. The period of time prior to the introduction of the Newton. Generally agreed to be any point before August 2nd, 1993. See also AN and DN. Source: NTLK
 
Bobby
An application used by a developer to test various portions of a device driver in isolation on a Newton device. See also Lantern.
 
Book
See Newton Book.
 
Book Definition File
An output file produced by Newton Book Maker. It is used as input to Newton Toolkit to build a book package or create Newton application help. Source: NBM
 
Book Maker
See Newton Book Maker.
 
Book Maker Commands
Text-based commands used to tag and differentiate specific content items in a Newton book sourec file. For example, specifying the title and layout of a Newton book require different commands. Sometimes referred to as Dot Commands. See also Book Source File and Newton Book Maker. Source: NBM
 
Book Reader
See Newton Book Reader.
 
Book Source File
A word processor file containing content items tagged with Newton Book Maker commands. See also Book Maker Commands and Dot Commands. Source: NBM
 
Boolean
A special kind of immediate value. In NewtonScript, there is only one Boolean, called true. Functions and control structures use nil to represent false. When testing for a true/false value, nil represents false, and any other value is equivalent to true. Source: NPG
 
Brain Wipe
See Hard Reset.
 
Break Loop
A state of the Newton processor in which program execution is suspended and the Newton accepts input only from an Inspector connection. Source: NTK
 
Broink
The distinct sound that an eMate makes when the tension spring in the hinge breaks. After an eMate goes broink, it will develop a serious case of Floppy Lid. Source: MOB
 
Build
A version of a complied program. Also refers to the act of compiling various project files into the executable program.
 
Bun Warmer
See Bunn Warmer. Source: NSSN
 
Bunn Warmer
Affectionate nickname for some of the first Newton development prototypes. So called because of their flat design and heat they generated, similar to the coffee decanter warmers manufactured by the Bunn-O-Matic Corporation. Source: NSSN
 
Busy Cursor
A graphical signal that the system displays automatically while it is temporarily unable to process user input. Source: NUIG
 
Button
A small graphic object that performs an action when tapped. See also Picture Button and Text Button. Source: NUIG
 
Button Bar
A thick black line with buttons on it. Can also refer to the set of icon buttons found at the bottom of the Newton screen used to launch commonly used applications. See also Soft Button and Hard Button. Source: NUIG
 
Button Host
An application that receives buttons from another application known as a button provider. Source: NPG
 
Button Provider
An application that adds a button to another application known as the button host. Source: NPG
 
Byte Code
The hardware-independent instructions that are interpreted when a NewtonScript function executes. Source: NTK
 
C++ Heap
One part of reserved memory used specifically by native program functions. Sometimes this part of the heap is confused with all parts of reserved memory which are not part of the NewtonScript Heap. See also Heap and NewtonScript Heap. Source: PG
 
Cadillac
Code name of the first fully designed, tablet-style Newton prototype. See also Figaro, Mont Blanc, and Senior. Source: NSSN
 
Call Slip
An input container for recording data associated with a telephone call. See also Calls.
 
Callback Spec
A frame passed as an argument to an endpoint method. The callback spec frame contains slots that control how the endpoint method executes, along with a completion method that is called when the endpoint operation completes. See also Output Spec. Source: NPG
 
Calligrapher
The cursive handwriting recognition system found in all Newton devices except the eMate. Calligrapher was also used as the print recognizer in NOS 1.x Newton devices. See also Cursive Recognizer.
 
Calls
The built-in application for making and storing information about telephone calls. See also Call Slip.
 
Card
Short for a PCMCIA card. Also, a view of information about an entry in the Names soup, formatted as a business card. Source: NPG
 
Caret
A symbol (^) displayed where the Newton will next insert text that a user writes, prints, or types. He caret symbol is only used in the 2.x versions of the Newton OS. Earlier versions used a blinking line to indicate where new text would be inserted. See also Blinking Line, Carrot, and Gesture. Source: NUIG
 
Carrot
What the Caret symbol is mistakenly called in the NetHopper User Guide. Perhaps the fault of a renegade spell checker. See Caret. Source: NH
 
CDIL
Communication Desktop Integration Layer. A code layer that provides a stream based interface for exchanging data with Newton devices over a variety of communications services. See also Desktop Integration Library. Source: PN
 
Character
Any symbol that has a widely understood meaning and thus can convey information. Some characters - such as letters, numbers, and punctuation - can be displayed on the Newton, faxed, sent in an e-mail message, and printed on a printer. Source: NUIG
 
Checkbox
A standard Newton control that displays a setting, either checked (on) or unchecked (off). Tapping a checkbox or its text label reverses its setting. One or more checkboxes can be checked. Compare to Radio Button. Source: NUIG
 
Child
A frame that references another its parent frame. With regard to views, a child view is enclosed by its parent view. See also Parent. Source: NPG
 
Cigarette Pack
A nickname for the original Newton fax modem. So called because its dimensions were similar to that of a package of cigarettes. Source: GH
 
Cirrus
See Voyager.
 
Clank
The sound made by the Newton device after scrolling to the end of a boxed list of text items, generally when using local scroll arrows. Referred to as Clanking in the NetHopper User Manual. See also Local Scroll Arrows and Scrolling List. Source: NH
 
Clanking
See Clank. Source: NH
 
Claris XTND
See XTND. Source: GH
 
Class
A symbol that describes the data referenced by an object. Arrays, frames, and binary objects can have user-defined classes. Source: NPG
 
Classroom Exchange
Software that allows the connection one or several eMate devices to a Mac OS computer and transfer information between the eMate devices and the computer simultaneously. See also eMate 300.
 
Clone
A Newton device manufactured by a third party company using licensed technology licensed from Apple. Examples of Newton clones include the Sharp ExpertPad, the Motorola Marco, and the Digital Ocean Tarpon. Source: GH
 
Close
To make a container view go away by tapping the Close box. Source: NUIG
 
Close Box
A small square box with an X inside, located in the lower right corner of a container view. Tapping it closes the container view. Compare to Large Close Box. Source: NUIG
 
Cold Boot
A method of resetting a Newton device that erases all data, removes any System Update installed, and sets the Newton OS back to factory defaults. Requires the removal of all power sources to the Newton device. See also Deep Reset, Soft Reset, Hard Reset, Power Reset, and System Reset. Source: NFAQ
 
Command
An instruction that causes the Newton or a device connected to it to perform some action. The user issues a command by tapping a button or choosing an item from a picker. Source: NUIG
 
Confirmation Slip
A view that appears on-screen to have the user confirm or cancel an action that may have far-reaching consequences. Source: NUIG
 
Connection
The built-in application used to perform the action of connecting or docking to another computer. In Newton 2.1, the same application is named Dock. See also Dock.
 
Constant
A value that does not change. In NewtonScript the value of the constant is substituted wherever the constant is used in code. Source: NPG
 
Container View
A framed object that displays information (text, graphics, or both) and may contain controls that the user operates by tapping, as well as areas where the user can write and draw. Source: NUIG
 
Content Command
A Newton Book Maker command that defines a content item, such as text or graphics, to be displayed on a Newton device. Source: NBM
 
Content Flag
A flag that modifies an individual content item; most flags in the Newton Book Maker language are content flags. Source: NBM
 
Context Sensitive
Describes an application that can adjust its actions according to the current situation. For example, an application with context-sensitive user input adjusts handwriting recognition according to the type of field (name, date, time, number, phone number, and so on). Source: NUIG
 
Control
An object in a container view that a user can manipulate with a pen to cause instant action with visible results or to change settings to modify a future action. Source: NUIG
 
Copperfield
The internal system code name for the built-in book reader application. See also Newton Book Reader. Source: PG
 
CPU
Central Processing Unit. The primary computing part of a digital device. In conjunction with a timing circuit and memory, makes up a computer. Source: TE
 
Crib
Code name for the MessagePad 110/120/130 charging cradle. Also referred to as the Lindy Crib. See also Lindy. Source: VR
 
Cursive Recognizer
The algorithmic component of the hand writing recognition system that identifies written or calligraphic characters. See also Calligrapher and Print Recognizer.
 
Cursor
An object returned by the Query method. The cursor contains methods that iterate over a set of soup entries meeting the criteria specified in the query. The addition or deletion of entries matching the query specification is automatically reflected in the set of entries referenced by the cursor, even if the changes occur after the original query was made. Source: NPG
 
Dante
Code name of the MessagePad 130 device and according to some sources, the Newton OS version 2.0. See also Quark. Source: BT
 
DataDef
See Data Definition. Source: NPG
 
Data Definition
A frame containing slots that define a particular type of data and the methods that operate on it. The entries defined are used by an application and stored in its soup. A data definition is registered with the system. The shortened term dataDef is sometimes used. See also View Definition. Source: NPG
 
Data Form
A symbol that describes the transformations that must occur when data is exchanged with other environments. When you send data or set endpoint options, the data form defines how to convert the data from its NewtonScript format. When you receive data or get endpoint options, the data form defines the type of data expected. Source: NPG
 
Data Link Layer
The layer in device communications that translates data into a format that can be used with a specific hardware device. Devices using the data link layer on the Newton are typically PC cards. For example, the Lantern Driver can interface an ethernet PC Card to the Newton OS. See also Device Driver and Lantern Driver. Source: PG
 
Database
A set of related files that is created and controlled by a software-based management system. Source: TE
 
Date Book
See Dates.
 
DateMan
A Newton application created by Standalone Software which works in conjunction with Names and Dates to give an overall view of your entire agenda. Also referred to as DM. Source: GH
 
Dates
The built-in application for recording and viewing appointments and calendar notes, setting alarms, entering repeating events, and keeping a to-do list. See also Meeting. Source: NUIG
 
Daughterboard
A small, secondary circuit board that generally is attached to the main logic board. The daughterboard in a Newton device contains the ROM chips.
 
DB
See Database.
 
DDK
See Driver Developer Kit.
 
Declaring A Template
Registering a template in another view (usually its parent) so that the template's view is preallocated when the other view is opened. This allows access to methods and slots in the declared view. Source: NPG
 
Deep Reset
A method of resetting a Newton device by pressing and holding the Reset button. A deep reset resets at a slightly lower level than a Soft Reset and does not cause any data loss. Also referred to as a Hardware Reset. See also Cold Boot, Hard Reset, Soft Reset, Power Reset, and System Reset. Source: NFAQ
 
Default Action
The completion action that users are most likely to take among the safe alternatives in the key view. Source: NUIGA
 
Deferred Recognition
The process of recognizing an ink word that was drawn by the user at an earlier time. Usually initiated when the user double-taps on an ink word. Deferred recognition was introduced with Newton OS 1.3. See also Ink and Ink Word. Source: NPG
 
Denali
The alternate code name for the dynamic programming language developed at Apple that was to run on the original Newton platform. See also Dylan and Ralph. Source: AOM
 
Desktop
See Desktop Computer.
 
Desktop Computer
Either a Mac OS or Windows-based computer. Sometimes called simply a Desktop. Source: NPG
 
Desktop Integration Library
A collection of code which allows developers of applications for desktop operating systems to directly synchronize data between their applications and a Newton device. See also CDIL, FDIL, HLFDIL, and PDIL. Source: PN
 
Development Verification Test
An late stage engineering prototype of a piece of hardware very close in specifications to a final product device. Source: NFAQ
 
Device Driver
A software program that facilitates the connection of a peripheral device to an operating system. See also Lantern Driver and Data Link Layer.
 
DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol. A protocol that dynamically allocates IP addresses to computers on a network.
 
DIL
See Desktop Integration Library.
 
Dimmed
Describes words or objects that appear gray. In a Newton application, text or objects that are disabled or unavailable are generally hidden rather than dimmed. Source: NUIG
 
DIN
Deutsches Institut fur Normung. A type of connector defined by the German Standards Institute. Generally used to connect peripherals such as mice, modems, and keyboards to computing devices. The DIN connector found on 1x0-series Newtons and the eMate is a DIN-8 connector, so called because it has eight pins. See also Mini-DIN. Source: TE
 
DIN-8
See Mini-DIN. Source: GH
 
Display Area
The portion of a Newton device screen on which information is displayed. See also Non Display Area. Source: NBM
 
Divider Bar
See Separator Bar. Source: NUIG
 
DIY
Do it yourself.
 
DM
See DateMan. Source: GH
 
DN
During Newton. The period of time between the introduction of the Newton and its cancellation. Generally agreed to be between August 2nd, 1993 and February 27th, 1998. See also AN and BN. Source: NTLK
 
DNUG
Danish Newton Users Group
 
Dock
To connect a Newton device to another computer, in most cases to transfer data. The Dock is also a built-in application under Newton OS 2.1 used to perform the action of connecting to another computer. See also Connection.
 
Document Command
A Newton Book Maker command that affects the book source file. Source: NBM
 
Document Flag
A flag that affects an entire book source file, such as the noReLayout flag. Source: NBM
 
Dongle
A serial adapter that plugs into the propriatary Newton InterConnect port converting it to a standard DIN-type connector. See also DIN, Mini-DIN, Dongle Destoyer, and Newton InterConnect. Source: GH
 
Dongle Destroyer
A physical modification to a 2x00 series Newton device which adds a standard serial port alongside the proprietary Newton InterConnect port. So named because it eliminates the need for the infamous serial Dongle. The two serial connections cannot be used at the same time. See also Newton InterConnect. Source: GH
 
Dot Commands
Another name for the book commands used to tag content items in a Newton book source file. So called because the commands must appear beginning with a period or dot. See also Book Commands, Book Source File, and Newton Book Maker. Source: NBM
 
Double Tap
To touch the same spot, or nearly the same spot, twice in rapid succession with the pen. Source: NUIG
 
Drag
To place the pen on a movable object, slide the pen to move the object, and lift the pen to stop moving the object. Source: NUIG
 
Drag Handle
A small control that a user can drag to move a container view. It is a small black tab with a central hole, and is centered in the view's top border. Source: NUIG
 
DRAM
Dynamic Random Access Memory. A memory chip that requires power to hold its content. Typically uses one transistor and a capacitor to represent a bit. The capacitors must be energized hundreds of times per second in order to maintain the charges. See also SRAM and Flash RAM. Source: TE
 
Drawer
A container view that slides open and closed at the bottom of another container view. Source: NUIG
 
Driver
See Device Driver.
 
Driver Developer Kit
A set of software routines, tools, and libraries help programmers create device drivers.
 
DTMF
Dual Tone Multi-Frequency. The technical term describing Touch Tone dialing. Basically the combining of two tones, one low frequency and one high frequency. Source: TE
 
DTS
Developer Technical Services. A group within the Apple organization which provides technical support and programming tools for third party software and hardware developers. Also referred to as Developer Technical Support. Source: GH
 
DVT
See Development Verification Test
 
Dylan
The high-level dynamic programming language developed at Apple that was to run on the original Newton platform. Known for being slow and difficult to write programs with. Also referred to as Ralph. See also Denali, Junior, and Senior. Source: DG
 
Dynamic Language
See Dylan.
 
Edit
To change or modify. For example, to insert, remove, replace, or move text. Source: NUIG
 
EEPROM
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory. A memory chip that is programmable, reusable, and able to hold its content until erased using electric current. Source: TE
 
Egg Freckles
An easter egg found in the Newton OS which when activated displays an image from a Doonesbury cartoon lampooning the accuracy of the early Newton hand writing recognition.
 
EL
See Electro-Luminescent Panel.
 
Electro-Luminescent Panel
An illumination technology consisting of a thin film phosphor layer sandwiched between a substrate. When charged, the phosphor in that emits visible light. The ELP in the Newton has a distinguishing bright green color. Source: TE
 
Electronic Ink
The marks a user sees as the user writes or draws on the screen, as opposed to the typeset words or regular shapes the system displays when it recognizes the user's writing or drawing. Source: NUIG
 
ELP
See Electro-Luminescent Panel.
 
eMate
See eMate 300.
 
eMate 300
A translucent, clamshell-cased Newton device with a built-in keyboard. Primarily aimed at the educational market.
 
Emporium
The permanent internal descriptions of places the user works with a Newton device. (Home and Office are obvious examples, but so might be "Tokyo Office" if the user travels a lot.) Choosing an emporium sets up information such as local area code, dialing prefixes, time zone, and so on. This term is sometimes called "locale." The plural is "emporia." Also known as Work Site. Source: NPG
 
Endpoint
A type of communications connection such as a serial connection, modem, infrared beam, or AppleTalk network. Also an object created from protoBasicEndpoint, or one of its derivative protos, that controls a real-time communication session. This object encapsulates and maintains the details of the specific connection, and allows you to control the underlying communication tool. Source: NPG
 
Endpoint Option
An endpoint option is specified in a frame passed in an array as an argument to one of the endpoint methods. Endpoint options select the communication tool to use, control its configuration and operation, and return result code information from each endpoint method call. Source: NPG
 
Engineering Verification Test
An early engineering prototype of a piece of hardware. Source: NFAQ
 
Enroute
An integrated Newton-based internet email package developed by Netstrategy Software and bundled with most Newton devices running Newton OS 2.x. Also referred to as EnRoute Inet. Source: ER
 
Enroute Inet
See EnRoute. Source: ER
 
Entry
A frame stored in a soup and accessed through a cursor. An entry frame contains special slots that identify it as belonging to a soup. Source: NPG
 
Entry Alias
An object that provides a standard way to save a reference to a soup entry. Entry aliases themselves may be stored in soups. Source: NPG
 
Enumerated Dictionary
A list of words that can be recognized when this dictionary is enabled. See also Lexical Dictionary. Source: NPG
 
Envelope Button
See Action Picker. Source: NTLK
 
EOP
End of packet indicator. Source: NPG
 
EPROM
Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory. A memory chip that is programmable, reusable, and able to hold its content until erased under ultraviolet light. Source: TE
 
Espy
One of the default fonts used on the Newton. Derived from the Espy family of sans serif typefaces originally found in Apple's doomed eWorld online service. See also eWorld. Source: GH
 
Evaluate Slot
A slot that's evaluated when Newton Toolkit compiles the application. Source: NPG
 
Event
An entry in the Dates application for a day, but not a particular time during that day. field An area in a view where a user can write information. Source: NPG
 
EVT
See Engineering Verification Test
 
eWorld
Apple's one time foray into the realm of consumer online service. Based on the same operational platform as America Online, eWorld offered a wealth of electronic publications and services targeted mainly at Apple customers. See also Espy and HideE. Source: GH
 
Expando
An input area that expands when tapped to become large enough for writing. Source: NUIG
 
ExpertPad
A Newton clone developed by Sharp Electronics. Two versions of the ExpertPad were produced, the ExpertPad 7000 which is equivalent to a Newton OMP and the ExpertPad 7100 which is equivalent to a MessagePad 100. See also Clone. Source: TNC
 
Extension
A package that adds some sort of functionality to the operating system or other packages.
 
External Store
An external memory card that stores packages and user data.
 
Extras Drawer
A built-in container view that displays named picture buttons a user can tap to open applications. field One item of data input. Also, the place in a container view where a user can input a data item by tapping, typing, writing, or drawing. Source: NUIG
 
FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions. A moderated and frequently updated document containing answers to common questions, as well as historical, technical, or esoteric information pertaining to a particular subject. The Newton FAQ is one such document. See also ACTFAQ. Source: GH
 
FDIL
Frame Desktop Integration Layer. A code layer responsible for the management of NewtonScript-compatible objects, which supercedes the High Level Frame Desktop Integration Layer. See also Desktop Integration Library and HLFDIL. Source: PN
 
Field
A place in a container view or input slip where a user can enter text-based data. See also Field Label, Input Area, and Input Line. Source: GH
 
Field Label
A static piece of text which describes the type of content contained within an associated data field. An example of a field label would be the text "Address:" beside an area where the user could enter a street number. See also Field. Source: GH
 
Figaro
A speculative pen-based tablet computer concept that predated the original Newton project. Figaro would evolve into the Newton Plus device, code named Senior. See also Cadillac and Mont Blanc. Source: AD
 
Find Slip
An input container that allows the user to enter a term or phrase to be located within the data stored on the Newton device.
 
Finder
A frame containing methods and/or objects that enumerate data items found to match criteria specified via the Find slip. Source: NPG
 
Flag
A value that is set either on or off to enable a feature. Typically, flag values are single bits, though they can be groups of bits or a whole byte. Also a keyword that is added to a Newton Book Maker command to enable a feature. Source: NPG
 
Flash Card
A memory card using Flash RAM chips that can be rewritten and hold its content without power. Also referred to as a Storage Card. See also Flash RAM. Source: TE
 
Flash RAM
A memory chip that can be rewritten and hold its content without power. See also DRAM and SRAM. Source: TE
 
Floating Container View
A container view that initially appears in front of all open sibling views. Source: NUIG
 
Floppy Lid
The net result of the failure of the tension spring found in the hinge of an eMate lid. The tension spring will normally hold the lid and display at any given angle. When the tension spring fails, the lid flops down. See also Broink. Source: MOB
 
Folder Tab
A control that allows users to select which folder's contents are currently displayed in a container view. The folder tab goes at the top of the container view and displays the name of the currently selected folder. Source: NUIG
 
Font
A complete set of characters in one typeface design. See also Styles. Source: NUIG
 
Font Size
The size of a font in points. Examples of font size are 12 point and 18 point. See also Styles. Source: NUIG
 
Font Spec
A structure used to store information about a font, including the font family, style, and point size. See also Styles. Source: NPG
 
Font Style
A set of stylistic variations other than size, such as bold, italic, and underline. See also Styles. Source: NUIG
 
Frame
An unordered collection of slots, each of which consists of a name and value pair. The value of a slot can be any type of object, and slots can be added or removed from frames dynamically. A frame can have a user-specified class. Frames can be used like records in Pascal and structs in C, and also as objects that respond to messages. Source: NPG
 
Free Form Entry Field
A field that accepts any characters as user input. Source: NPG
 
Freeze
To suspend the activity of an application or extension package. Freezing a package is similar to removing a PC card that the package is stored on and in most cases should free up memory. See also Frozen Package, Snowflake, Thaw, and Thawed Package.
 
Freezing
See Freeze.
 
Frozen Newton
A custom-built, Japanese clear case Newton MessagePad 2100 project.
 
Frozen Package
A package that has been suspended and is not active. See also Freeze, Snowflake, Thaw, and Thawed Package. Source: HFAQ
 
Function Call Stack
A virtual stack that contains an activation record for each active function. See also Stack Activation Record. Source: NTK
 
Function Object
A frame containing executable code. Function objects are created by the function constructor: func(args) funcBody An executable function object includes values for its lexical and message environment, as well as code. This information is captured when the function constructor is evaluated at run time. Source: NPG
 
Garbage Collection
The removal of objects and other data created by packages that the system no longer uses. Source: HFAQ
 
Gauge
An object with a marker that indicates an amount, degree, or value in relation to a range of possible values. A user can only read a gauge. See also Slider. Source: NUIG
 
Gelato
Code name of the MessagePad 120 device. Source: BT
 
GeoPort
A serial port standard from Apple designed primarily for voice and telephony applications. It is basically a standard RS 422 serial connector with an additional 5V DC pin to power external devices. Source: TE
 
Gesture
A handwritten mark that is recognized as having a special meaning in the Newton system, such as tap, scrub, caret, and so on. Source: NPG
 
Glance
A small container view that closes itself automatically after it has been displayed for a brief period. Also, if a user taps the view, it closes immediately. Source: NUIG
 
Global
A variable or function that is accessible from any NewtonScript code. Source: NPG
 
Global Data File
A Newton Toolkit file named Global Data, in the same folder as the NTK application, that is compiled once each time you launch NTK. You can place in this file NewtonScript code that you want available from any project. Source: NTK
 
Graffiti
Software based text input system that converts predefined pen strokes and gestures into character data. Originally developed by Palm Computing.
 
Grammar
A set of rules defining the format of an entity to be recognized, such as a date, time, phone number, or currency value. Lexical dictionaries are composed of sets of grammars. See also lexical dictionary. Source: NPG
 
Graphical User Interface
The use of pictures rather than just words to represent the input and output of a program. Will generally include the use of a windowing system, icons, buttons, and dialog boxes to facilitate user interaction. Also referred to as simply GUI. See also User Interface. Source: FOLDOC
 
Gravity
A drawing feature that causes the endpoints of a newly drawn line to snap to nearby corners and midpoints of existing graphic shapes. Source: NUIG
 
Green Bug
An affliction which causes an individual to display uncommon affinity for the Newton platform. Source: NTLK
 
Green Widow
The partner, spouse, or significant other of a Newton user. Source: NTLK
 
Grip Of Death
A system freeze in early model MessagePads due to a lack of adequate heap space. In later versions of the Newton OS this condition notified the user of a problem instead of causing a system freeze. See also Heap. Source: BT
 
GUI
See Graphical User Interface.
 
H1000
The model number of the original MessagePad and the subsequent MessagePad 100. See also OMP.
 
Hammer
A low-level debugger for Newton development that runs on a Macintosh. Used to debug C, C++, or ARM Assembler code that runs on a Newton. See also Newtsbug.
 
Hand Writing Recognition
The algorithmic conversion of hand-written text into digital text.
 
Hard Button
A permanent Icon button found in the button bar at the bottom of 1x0 series Newton devices. Used either to open a built in application such as Dates or to perform a system wide operation such as Undo. See also Button Bar, Silk Screen Button, Soft Button, and RYO. Source: GH
 
Hard Reset
A technique to completely erase all user installed or entered data from a Newton device. Also referred to as a Brain Wipe. See also Cold Boot, Deep Reset, Soft Reset, Power Reset, and System Reset. Source: HFAQ
 
Hardware Reset
See Deep Reset.
 
Heap
An area of memory reserved for use by programs. On a Newton device, sometimes heap refers to specifically to just the NewtonScript Heap. See also C++ Heap and NewtonScript Heap. Source: PG
 
Heap Space
See Heap.
 
Heavy Mark
A large dot that appears when you hold the pen down in one place on the Newton screen. Used to start the action of selecting a block of text or a shape. See also Squeak. Source: MPH
 
Help Book
The file that Newton Book Maker produces when it processes a book source file with the Help Size option checked. Help books are displayed using the Help Browser built into all Newton devices. See also Newton Book Maker and Help Browser. Source: NBM
 
Help Browser
An outline-based help screen interface that uses Help Book data created by the Newton Book Maker. Generally used to provide information on how to use a specific applications. The Help Browser provides only a subset of the capabilities of the Newton Book Reader. See also Help Book, Newton Book Maker, and Newton Book Reader. Source: NBM
 
HideE
An application installed on later versions of the Newton which disabled and hid the stationery used to access Apple's discontinued eWorld online service. See also eWorld. Source: NH
 
Highlight
To make something visually distinct, typically when it's selected. Usually done by reversing black and white areas. Source: NUIG
 
HLFDIL
High Level Frame Desktop Integration Layer. A code layer responsible for the management of NewtonScript-compatible objects, superceded by the Frame Desktop Integration Layer. See also Desktop Integration Layer and FDIL. Source: NTJ
 
Hobbit
A code name for the AT&T developed chip originally targeted to be used for the Newton platform. The Hobbit chip was replaced by the RISC-based chip developed by ARM. AT&T went on to use the Hobbit in its own pen-based computer, the EO. See also RISC, ARM, and StrongARM. Source: DG
 
Home City
The emporium the system uses to modify dialing information, time zone, and so on. It is usually the user's home, but the user may set it to another city when traveling. Source: NPG
 
Hot Spot
A small unnamed control that responds like buttons when tapped. Usually there are many hot spots in a view, and they can be visible or not. Source: NUIG
 
HWR
See Hand Writing Recognition
 
Icon
A symbol that graphically represents an object or a concept. For example, icons in the Extras Drawer represent applications. Source: NUIG
 
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. An organization of engineers, scientists, and students in electronics and associated fields that is involved with the setting of computer and communications standards. Source: TE
 
Immediate
A value that is stored directly rather than through an indirect reference to a heap object. Immediates are characters, integers, or Booleans. See also Reference. Source: NPG
 
Implant
A processor accelerator upgrade for Newton devices developed by the Pixsolution Group in Germany.
 
Implementor
The frame in which a method is defined. See also Receiver. Source: NPG
 
In Box
A list of items in the In/Out Box application where received items can be viewed, filed, and managed. The In Box is a separate application in NOS 1.x. See also In/Out Box and Out Box.
 
In/Out Box
The application that serves as a central repository for all incoming and outgoing data handled by the Routing and Transport interfaces. The In/Out Box application is specifically part of NOS 2.x, In NOS 1.x, there are separate applications for the In Box and Out Box. Source: NPG
 
Infrared
Electromagnetic waves in the frequency range just below visible light. Infrared-based sources and receivers are used in Newton devices for communication with other devices. Source: FOLDOC
 
Infrared Data Association
An industry body developing standards for infrared data transfer. Source: IRFAQ
 
Inheritance
The mechanism by which attributes (slots or data) and behaviors (methods) are made available to objects. Parent inheritance allows views of dissimilar types to share slots containing data or methods. Prototype inheritance allows a template to base its definition on that of another template or prototype. Source: NPG
 
Ink
The raw data for input drawn by the user with the stylus. Also known as Raw Ink or Sketch Ink. Source: NPG
 
Ink Text
Words written in electronic ink. Source: NUIG
 
Ink Word
The grouping of ink data created by the recognition system, based on the timing and spacing of the user's handwriting. Ink words are created when the user has selected Ink Text in the Recognition Preferences slip. Ink words can subsequently be recognized with deferred recognition. Source: NPG
 
InkBar
A collapsible toolbar interface for the InkWell system that allows customization of various preferences. Source: ZD
 
Inker
A low-level task in the Newton operating system which takes the user input and then draws the appropriate data on the screen. In effect, converting physical pen strokes into electronic ink. Source: DG
 
InkPad
A simple notepad interface where handwritten input is converted into editable text within the InkWell system. Source: ZD
 
InkWell
The purported name given to the Mac OS version of the Newton handwriting recognition system. See also Rosetta. Source: ZD
 
Input
Information transferred into a Newton from some external source, such as the pen or a modem. Compare to Output. Source: NUIG
 
Input Area
A place in a container view where a user can write or draw. See also Field. Source: NUIG
 
Input Line
An input area where a user can write one line of text. See also Field. Source: NUIG
 
Input Spec
A frame used in receiving endpoint data that defines how incoming data should be formatted; termination conditions that control when the input should be stopped; data filtering options; and callback methods. Source: NPG
 
Insertion Point
See Caret. Source: NUIG
 
Instantiate
To make a run-time object in the NewtonScript heap from a template. Usually this term refers to the process of creating a view from a template. Source: NPG
 
Interface
See Newton User Interface and User Interface. Source: NUIG
 
Internal Store
A portion of the built in system memory that stores packages and user data.
 
Invert
To highlight by changing white pixels to black and vice versa. Source: NUIG
 
IP
Internet Protocol. Part of the TCP/IP communications protocol. IP implements the network layer containing a network address, and is used to route messages to different networks. See also TCP/IP and TCP. Source: TE
 
IR
See Infrared.
 
IrDA
An infrared communications protocol standard used in Newton OS 2.1 devices. See also ASK and Infrared Data Association. Source: IRFAQ
 
IrDA-LAP
The link access protocol component of the IrDA communications protocol. See also IrDA. Source: IRFAQ
 
IrDA-LMP
The link management protocol component of the IrDA communications protocol. See also IrDA. Source: IRFAQ
 
IrDA-SIR
The serial infrared component of the IrDA communications protocol. See also IrDA. Source: IRFAQ
 
Item Frame
The frame that encapsulates a routed (sent or received) object and that is stored in the In/Out Box soup. Source: NPG
 
Item Info Slip
A slip that reports statistics for an item headed by a separator bar. The statistics include the item's title, type, creation date, size, and storage location. A user can change an item's title in the Item Info slip. Source: NUIG
 
JAE
Japan Aviation Electronics. A company that produces connectors and other electronic equipment components. Supplier of the infamous Newton InterConnect.
 
Jaggies
A condition where objects and text on the Newton screen appear overly jaggy or bitmapped. Thought to be an electro-mechanical problem between the LCD display and the connector. Source: NTLK
 
Jumptable
A series of instructions for the microprocessor, each of which tells the microprocessor to branch or jump to another location in memory. Source: PG
 
Junior
Code name for the final design of original MessagePad device. Also referred to as Pocket Newton. See also Batman, H1000, Wedge, and OMP. Source: DG
 
K
Code name of the eMate 300 device. See also eMate 300, Schoolbook, and Shay. Source: AD
 
Kernel
The essential part of an operating system, responsible for operation such as resource allocation and low-level hardware communication. See also Newton Operating System. Source: FOLDOC
 
Key View
The container view that receives keyboard input and contains the text-insertion caret or text selection (if either exists). Source: NUIGA
 
Keyboard Equivalent
A keyboard command that is the equivalent of tapping a button or choosing from a picker. Source: NUIGA
 
Kiosk
A navigational page in a Newton Book. Tapping an item on the kiosk page, such as a picture, takes the user directly to the subject matter it represents. Source: NBM
 
Lantern DDK
The driver development kit used to write a Lantern Driver. The Lantern Library or Lantern API is included in the Newton Devices package and is required in order to use any Lantern Drivers you write with the DDK. See also Lantern Driver and Newton Devices. Source: PG
 
Lantern Driver
A data link layer driver which allows Newton applications to use specific hardware (typically an ethernet card) in conjunction with the Lantern Library (incorporated into the Newton Devices package). See also Device Driver, Data Link Layer, and Newton Devices. Source: PG
 
Lantern Library
See Newton Devices.
 
LANUG
Los Angeles Newton Users Group. See also Newton User Group. Source: GH
 
Large Close Box
Behaves the same as a Close box but looks slightly larger to match the standard height of a text button. Source: NUIG
 
Layout
A Newton Book Maker command that specifies the placement of text and graphics on the page. Source: NBM
 
Layout Command
A Newton Book Maker command that defines a layout. Source: NBM
 
Layout File
A file that contains view templates laid out by Newton Toolkit. Source: NTK
 
Layout Flag
A flag used to modify a layout command; the flag affects any page using that layout. Source: NBM
 
Layout View
The topmost parent of all other views in a single Newton toolkit layout file. Source: NTK
 
LCD
See Liquid Crystal Display.
 
Lexical Dictionary
A list of valid grammars, each specifying the format of an entity to be recognized, such as a date, time, phone number or currency value. See also Enumerated Dictionary and Grammar. Source: NPG
 
Lindy
Code name of the MessagePad 110 device. Source: BT
 
Lindy Crib
See Crib. Source: VR
 
Line
A shape defined by two points: the current x and y location of the graphics pen and the x and y location of its destination. Source: NPG
 
Liquid Crystal Display
An thin electro-optical device used as the display technology on the Newton and other electronic devices. Source: FOLDOC
 
Llama
The name of the unofficial mascot of the developer technical support team in Apple's now defunct Newton Systems Group. See also DTS, LlamaDOS, and Newton Systems Group. Source: ADC
 
LlamaDOS
A software package of dubious utility which provides an alternate input interface for system management on the Newton. It mimics the command line environment of Microsoft DOS. The LlamaDOS name refers to the unofficial mascot of the Newton technical support group. See also Llama. Source: PN
 
Local
A variable whose scope is the function within which it is defined. You must use the local keyword to explicitly create a local variable within a function. Source: NSPL
 
Local Scroll Arrows
Scroll arrows used to control a scrollable list of text item within a specific application. See also Universal Scroll Arrows, Scroll Arrows, and Scroll. Source: GH
 
Long Term Storage
An extended period of disuse of a Newton device or other piece of equipment. Part of the preparation process is to remove the main and backup batteries so as not to cause any damage to the Newton device. Also referred to as LTS. Source: GH
 
LTS
See Long Term Storage. Source: NTLK
 
Macintosh Programmers Workshop
A comprehensive collection of core development tools from Apple designed to support C, C++, and assembly-language programmers developing Macintosh software. Also referred to as MPW.
 
Magic Pointer
A constant that represents a special kind of reference to an object in the Newton ROM. Magic pointer references are resolved at run time by the operating system, which substitutes the actual address of the ROM object for the magic pointer reference. See also Pointer. Source: NPG
 
Magic Pointers Table
A series of NewtonScript pointers that indicate the location of various NewtonScript objects. This table can be partially replaced by System Patch Pages, allowing a System Patch to replace specific Magic Pointers. See also Pointer. Source: PG
 
mAh
Milliamp Hours. A unit measuring the amount of electric current used by a circuit in thousandths of amps multiplied by the hours of use. mAh is used to describe the capacity of rechargeable batteries. For example, a battery rated at 1500 mAh can power a device drawing 100 mAh for 15 hours.
 
Main Logic Board
The primary circuit board holding the processor chip and the system ROM inside a Newton device.
 
Main View
A principal container view that serves as a center of user operations for an application. See also Application Base View. Source: NUIG
 
Mapping
The relationship of virtual addresses to physical addresses using the address translation tables in the Memory Management Unit. Source: PG
 
Marco
A Newton clone developed by Motorola. The Marco featured a wireless modem that used the Ardis wireless networking service. See also Ardis and Clone. Source: TNC
 
Matte Border
A thick gray border framed with black. Source: NUIG
 
Meeting
An entry in the Dates application for a specific time during the day. People can be invited and the meeting can be scheduled for a particular location. See also Dates. Source: NPG
 
Memory Effect
A condition of a rechargeable battery in which it will hold less and less of a charge over time. Source: TE
 
Memory Info Slip
A slip that reports statistics on the amount of memory installed and available to a Newton device. Source: PG
 
Memory Management Unit
A computer component responsible for the translation of the virtual address assigned to a chunk of data into the physical (or actual) address of that data.
 
Memory Page
A segment of memory containing addresses translated by the Memory Management Unit or MMU. A page consists of a group of bytes considered indivisible by the MMU. The MMU for the ARM processor divides the memory into sections of 1 MB, which can then be divided into pages of 4 KB and 64 KB. See also Memory Management Unit. Source: PG
 
Message
An instruction to execute a method, as in a programmed function. Also referred to as a symbol with a set of arguments. A message is sent using the message send syntax, where the message, messageName, is sent to the receiver, frame. Source: NSG
 
MessagePad
The base model name of all Apple manufactured Newton devices except the eMate.
 
MessageSlate
A prototype Newton featuring a larger screen.
 
Messaging Card
A PC card developed by Motorola that allowed a Newton device to receive and store wireless network pages over various paging systems and news services. Source: MTR
 
Method
A programmed function. Each method contained in a template processes a particular message for the view that the template defines. When a view receives a message for which it has a method, the Newton executes that method. Also referred to as a function in a frame slot that is invoked in response to a message. Source: NUIG
 
MI
See MoreInfo.
 
Mini-DIN
A style of plug and socket generally used to connect serial devices such as keyboards and modems. The serial connector found on 1x0 series Newton devices and the eMate is an eight pin Mini-DIN, sometimes referred to as a DIN-8 connector. See also DIN. Source: TE
 
MLB
See Main Logic Board.
 
MMU
See Memory Management Unit. Source: PG
 
MMU Tables
Information used by the Memory Management Unit which instruct it how to handle the translation of virtual addresses to physical addresses. Source: PG
 
MoBo
Motherboard. See Main Logic Board. Source: NTLK
 
Mont Blanc
Code name for the final Newton Plus product design. This device was apparently engineering and tooled for production before being shelved and subsequently replaced by the Pocket Newton, code named Junior. See also Cadillac, Figaro, and Senior. Source: AD
 
MoreInfo
Software created by SilverWare which seamlessly extends the built-in information management applications of the Newton OS. Also referred to as MI. Source: GH
 
Motherboard
See Main Logic Board.
 
MP
See MessagePad.
 
MP100
MessagePad 100
 
MP110
MessagePad 110
 
MP120
MessagePad 120
 
MP130
MessagePad 130, the first Newton device to incorporate backlighting.
 
MP2000
MessagePad 2000, also referred to as MP2K.
 
MP2100
MessagePad 2100, the last Newton device released by Apple.
 
MP2K
MessagePad 2000, also referred to as MP2000.
 
MPW
See Macintosh Programmers Workshop.
 
N2
The code name for the Voyager based platform for licensed, or clone, Newton devices. N2 is the base platform for MP2x00 series Newtons and can theoretically support up to 4 PCMCIA slots, 4 MB of DRAM, 12 MB of Flash RAM, and 16 MB of ROM. See also Voyager. Source: PG
 
Name Reference
A frame that contains a soup entry or an alias to a soup entry, often, though not necessarily, from the Names soup. The frame may also contain some of the individual slots from the soup entry. Source: NPG
 
Names
The built-in application for storing names, addresses, phone numbers, and other information about people. Source: NUIG
 
Names File
See Names.
 
NAP
See Newton Associates Program.
 
NASP
See Newton Aluminum Shell Project.
 
NBE
See Newton Backup Express. Source: GH
 
NBM
See Newton Book Maker.
 
NBR
See Newton Book Reader.
 
NBU
See Newton Backup Utility.
 
NBX
See Newton Backup Express. Source: GH
 
NCK
See Newton Connection Kit.
 
NCQ
An instant messaging program for the Newton. NCQ is compatible with the standard Mirabilis ICQ protocol but only implements a subset of its features. Source: IBT
 
NCT
See Newton C++ Toolbox.
 
NCU
See Newton Connection Utilities.
 
NDB
See Newton Data Browser.
 
NDC
Newton Developer Conference. A scheduled event periodically held for the Newton development community by Apple. At one time, these events allowed developers to meet each other and learn about the future direction of Newton specific business and technology. Source: ADH
 
NDE
See NewtDevEnv.
 
NDS
See Newton Developer Support.
 
NDU
See Newton Data Browser.
 
Newt
A nickname for Newton devices.
 
NewtApp
Newton application programming framework.
 
NewtDevEnv
Newton development environment created by Steve Weyer. Also referred to as NDE.
 
NewtDump
A desktop application able to extract In/Out Box messages and Notes to ASCII text using any Windows based desktop computer. Created by Victor Rehorst.
 
Newties
An affectionate nickname for Newton users. Also an annual award presented by the This Old Newt web site.
 
NewtIR
An infrared communications protocol based on the ASK standard and used in older Newton devices. This protocol includes extensions developed by Apple which make it substantially faster. Source: IRFAQ
 
Newton Aluminum Shell Project
A project to explore the possibility to create an aluminum replacement casing for the MessagePad 2100 device. Also known as NASP. Source: GH
 
Newton Associates Program
A defunct Apple development support program providing low-cost, self-help resources to Newton developers. Also known as NAP. Source: NTJ
 
Newton Backup Express
Software developed by a fellow named Bob Anderson as an alternative to Apple's own Newton Connection Utilities. It allowed users to backup, restore, browse, and install packages and data on their Newton devices. The software was never officially released and the author has subsequently disappeared. Also known as NBE and NBX. See also Newton Connection Utilities. Source: GH
 
Newton Backup Utility
Software developed by Apple that allows you to backup and restore data from a Newton device to a desktop computer. Also known as NBU. Source: GH
 
Newton Book
An electronic document created for viewing on a Newton device. Something referred to as a Newton Digital Book. See also Newton Book Reader and Newton Book Maker. Source: GH
 
Newton Book Maker
An application that processes a book source file to produce a book definition file. See also Book Commands, Newton Book Reader and Newton Book. Source: NBM
 
Newton Book Reader
An application built into the Newton OS as a system service that displays and allows navigation through interactive digital books on a Newton device. See also Newton Book and Newton Book Maker. Source: NBM
 
Newton Bowels
A project instigated by Paul Guyot to document the Newton OS APIs and mechanisms, and to provide related sample code and development tools. See also Application Programming Interface.
 
Newton C++ Toolbox
A complete MPW development environment for creating C++ code for the Newton. Also see Macintosh Programmers Workshop.
 
Newton Connection Kit
Software developed by Apple which allows users to exchange information with common desktop applications using a Newton device For use with Newton OS 1.x only. Also known as NCK. See also Newton Connection Utilities. Source: GH
 
Newton Connection Utilities
Software developed by Apple which allows users to exchange and share information from their Newton device with common desktop applications. This software also offers support for installing packages and using a desktop keyboard as an input peripheral on the Newton. For use with Newton OS 2.x only. Also known as NCU. See also Newton Connection Kit. Source: GH
 
Newton Data Browser
A desktop application used to retrieve and edit data on Newton devices. Created by Thomas Tempelmann. Also referred to as Newton DIL Tester and Newton Desktop Utility.
 
Newton Desktop Utility
See Newton Data Browser.
 
Newton Developer Support
A defunct group at Apple which supplied technical information and support for companies and individuals developing product for the Newton platform.
 
Newton Devices
A package containing various driver functions allowing communication using protocols such as AppleTalk and TCP/IP. The Newton Devices package incorporates the Lantern Library of driver functions, and other driver APIs. See also Lantern Driver. Source: PG
 
Newton Digital Book
See Newton Book. Source: NBM
 
Newton DIL Tester
See Newton Data Browser.
 
Newton Inc.
A defunct subsidiary of Apple spun out from the Newton Systems Group.
 
Newton Intelligence
A marketing-focused name for the core Newton operating system.
 
Newton InterConnect
The unique 26-pin port found on the MP2000, MP2100, and eMate devices. See also Dongle and Dongle Destroyer. Source: GH
 
Newton Internet Enabler
Software that runs in the background of the Newton operating system, enabling you to access the internet and other information services using a Newton device.
 
Newton Plus
See Senior. Source: AD
 
Newton Operating System
Also referred to as Newton OS. The base software control program that runs a computer. The main part of an operating system, called the kernel, resides in memory at all times. Also referred to as simply NOS or Newton OS. See Also Kernel. Source: TE
 
Newton OS
See Newton Operating System.
 
Newton Package Installer
Software developed by Apple to allow installing packages on a Newton device from a desktop computer. Also known as NPI. Source: GH
 
Newton Partners Program
A defunct Apple development support program providing expanded, expert-level resources to Newton developers. Source: NTJ
 
Newton Personal Data Sharing
A suite of software packages which allow a Newton device to act as an HTTP-based web server. Created by Matt Vaughn.
 
Newton Press
Software developed by Apple for creating and distributing electronic documents as Newton books.
 
Newton Print Pack
Originally a serial to parallel converter with built-in ROM-based drivers developed by Apple that allowed you to print from your Newton device to various PC printers. The later version of the Newton Print Pack was software based and could be used with third party converters.
 
Newton Programmers Guide
The definitive guide to Newton programming, providing conceptual information and instructions for using the Newton application programming interfaces. See also Newton Programmers Reference. Source: NPG
 
Newton Programmers Reference
A document which provides comprehensive documentation for the routines, system prototypes, data structures, constants, and error codes defined by the Newton system. See also Newton Programmers Guide. Source: NPG
 
Newton Streamed Object Format
A specific type of data which describes a NewtonScript frame along with everything that it contains. See also Stream File.
 
Newton Systems Group
The Newton platform development group within Apple Computer.
 
Newton Technology Journal
An Apple produced publication which supplied Newton developers with information on Newton platform technology, development tools, and marketing news. Source: NTJ
 
Newton Toolkit
The development environment for writing NewtonScript programs for Newton. See also NewtonScript. Source: NPG
 
Newton User Group
An organized group of Newton enthusiasts. Sometimes abbreviated as simply NUG. See also AMUG, DNUG, LANUG, and SONUG. Source: GH
 
Newton User Interface
The standard conventions for interacting with Newton devices. The interface ensures users a consistent means of interacting with all Newton devices and the applications designed to run on them. Source: NUIG
 
Newton Works
An integrated software application developed by Apple for devices running Newton OS 2.1 only. Functionality includes word processing and drawing.
 
NewtonMail
An electronic mail system supported by Apple specifically for Newton users. NewtonMail facilitated the creation of a single email account which let users exchange messages with most major online services including AppleLink, CompuServe, eWorld, America Online, as well as via an internet gateway. Source: MPH
 
NewtonScript
A dynamic, object-oriented programming language developed for the Newton platform. See also WallyScript. Source: GH
 
NewtonScript Heap
An area of RAM used by the system for dynamically allocated objects, including NewtonScript objects. Source: NPG
 
NewtonTalk
The NewtonTalk mailing list hosted by Victor Rehorst. Formerly hosted by the Planet Newton web site. Also referred to as NTLK. Source: GH
 
Newtourage
Software that allows a Newton device to synchronize contact information from the Names application with Microsoft Entourage on a Macintosh desktop computer. Created by John Del Pizzo.
 
Newtsbug
A low level debugger that is used when programming Newton software in the C or C++ languages. See also Hammer.
 
NewtWorks
See Newton Works.
 
NIC
See Newton InterConnect.
 
Nicad
See Nickel Cadmium.
 
NiCd
See Nickel Cadmium.
 
Nickel Cadmium
A rechargeable battery technology that is susceptible to the Memory Effect. Source: TE
 
Nickel Metal Hydride
A rechargeable battery technology that is not susceptible to the Memory Effect. Source: TE
 
NIE
See Newton Internet Enabler.
 
Nil
A value that indicates nothing, none, no, or anything negative or empty. The value nil represents "false" in Boolean expressions; any other value represents "true." Source: NPG
 
NiMH
See Nickel Metal Hydride.
 
Nipples
An affectionate term used by the original Newton developers for the small rubber feet found on the bottom of each Newton device. Also called Rubber Nubs. These small components are purportedly manufactured out of Unobtainium, due to the difficulty in locating replacements. Source: DG
 
Non Display Area
The portion of a Newton device screen between the area where information can be displayed and the edge of the plastic case. See also Display Area. Source: NBM
 
NOS
See Newton Operating System.
 
Notable
Software developed by Revelar Inc. which allows users to manipulate Notepad data on a Newton device in real time using a desktop computer. See also Revelar Connection Utility.
 
Notepad
The built-in application for taking and organizing notes, which may contain text and drawings. Source: NUIG
 
Notes
See Notepad.
 
Notification Slip
A view that appears on the screen to warn the user or to report an error. A notification slip may or may not be accompanied by an alert sound. Source: NUIG
 
Now Up To Date
Calendaring and scheduling software developed by Now Software, some version of which can syncronize with Newton devices. Also referred to as NUD. Source: GH
 
NP
See Newton Press.
 
NPDS
See Newton Personal Data Sharing.
 
NPG
See Newton Programmers Guide.
 
NPI
See Newton Package Installer.
 
NPP
See Newton Partners Program and Newton Print Pack.
 
NPR
See Newton Programmers Reference.
 
NS
See NewtonScript.
 
NSG
See Newton Systems Group.
 
NSOF
See Newton Streamed Object Format.
 
NST
Newton Software Technology. A generic phrase used to encapsulate all of the technologies, development tools, and training pertaining to the creation of software for the Newton platform. Source: ADH
 
NTJ
See Newton Technology Journal.
 
NTK
See Newton Toolkit.
 
NTLK
See NewtonTalk. Source: GH
 
NUD
See Now Up To Date. Source: GH
 
NUG
See Newton User Group.
 
NWT
The file extension used to identify a Newton Connection Kit workfile.
 
Object
A typed piece of data that can be an immediate, array, frame, or binary object. In NewtonScript, only frame objects can hold methods and receive messages. Source: NPG
 
Object Stream File
See Stream File.
 
OEM
Original Equipment Manufacturer. A manufacturer that sells equipment to a reseller for rebranding or repackaging. Source: TE
 
OMP
Original MessagePad, not to be confused with the MP100 or MessagePad 100 which share the same model number. See also Batman, H1000, Junior, and Wedge.
 
Option Frame
A frame passed as a parameter to an endpoint method that selects the communication tool to use; controls its configuration and operation; and returns result code information from the endpoint method. Source: NPG
 
Orientation
The position of the contents displayed on a Newton device relative to the device itself. The Newton can display information in either horizontal or vertical orientation. See also Rotate.
 
Origin
The coordinates of the top-left corner of a view. The origin can be shifted, for example, to scroll the contents of a view. Source: NPG
 
Out Box
A list of items in the In/Out Box application where sent or queued items can be viewed, filed, and managed. The Out Box is a separate application in NOS 1.x. See also In/Out Box and In Box.
 
Output
Information transferred from a Newton to some external destination, such as a printer or a modem. See also Input. Source: NUIG
 
Output Spec
A special type of callback spec used with an endpoint method. An output spec contains a few additional slots that allow you to pass special protocol flags and to define how the data being sent is translated. Source: NPG
 
Oval
A circular or elliptical shape defined by the bounding rectangle that encloses it. Source: NPG
 
Owner
A person who uses the Newton device. Source: NPUM
 
Owner Info
A slip containing information about owners and worksites that the user of the Newton device has set up. Source: NPUM
 
Package
The unit in which software can be installed on and removed from the Newton. A package consists of a header containing the package name and other information, and one or more parts containing the software. Source: NPG
 
Package File
A file that contains downloadable Newton software. Source: NPG
 
Package Installer
A program that facilitates the transfer of software packages onto a Newton device.
 
Package Store
See Store Part. Source: NPG
 
Page
See Memory Page.
 
Page Script
A NewtonScript script attached to a layout in a Newton Book. Source: NBM
 
Palette
A small view that provides controls for modifying the contents of other views. The user can move a palette, and it floats on top of other views of the same application, so it can remain open for use in all visible views. Source: NUIG
 
Palmrest
The bottom portion of the case on MessagePad device where the users wrist is normally situated while entering data. Source: AD
 
Parent
A frame referenced through the parent slot of another frame. With regard to views, a parent view encloses its child views. Source: NPG
 
Parent View
A view that contains one or more other views. Source: NUIG
 
Part
A unit of software, either code or data, held in a part frame. The format of the part is identified by a four character identifier called its type or its part code. Source: NPG
 
Part Frame
The top-level frame that holds an application, book, or auto part. Source: NPG
 
Patch
A small piece of code intended to fix or modify a larger software program. See also System Update. Source: GH
 
Patchable Jumptable
A series of branching instructions directly pointing to native Newton OS functions. These instructions are ordered differently depending on the version of the ROM. This jumptable can be partially replaced by System Patch Pages, allowing system patches to replace specific operating system functions. Source: PG
 
Path Expression
An object that encapsulates an access path through a set of arrays or frames. Proto A frame that is referenced through another frame's _proto slot. Source: NSPL
 
PC Card
See PCMCIA
 
PCMCIA
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association. This acronym is used to describe the memory cards used by the Newton PDA. Newton memory cards follow the PCMCIA standards. Source: NPG
 
PDA
See Personal Digital Assistant.
 
PDIL
Protocol Desktop Integration Library. A code layer containing the protocol used to communicate with the Connection and Dock applications on Newton devices. See also Desktop Integration Library.
 
Pen
The hand held instrument used to enter data into a Newton device. Also referred to as a Stylus.
 
Persona
The permanent internal description of an individual person that uses a particular Newton PDA, or a particular public image of the Newton owner. The owner is the obvious example, but there can be many others. Choosing a persona sets up information such as name, title, birthday, phone numbers, e-mail addresses, and so on. The plural is "personae." Source: NPG
 
Personal Digital Assistant
A small hand-held computer used to manage various types of personal and business related information. The original term is believed to be coined by former Apple honcho John Sculley. Source: FOLDOC
 
Personal Information Manager
A software program that stores and organizes data such as names, addresses, and other means of contact.
 
Personal Interactive Electronics Division
A short lived division of Apple which handled the development and marketing of the Newton.
 
Physical Address
A value representing the actual location of a piece of data. See also Virtual Address. Source: PG
 
Picker
A list of choices that appears when the user taps an adjacent text label marked by a solid diamond. A picker may also appear when a user taps a button. The user chooses one of the listed items by tapping it. Source: NUIG
 
Picture
A saved sequence of drawing operations that can be played back later. polygon A shape defined by a sequence of points representing the polygon's vertices, connected by straight lines from one point to the next. Source: NPG
 
Picture Button
A control that the user taps to designate or confirm an action implied by the icon displayed on the button. Source: NUIG
 
Picture Radio Button
A standard Newton control that displays its state, either on or off, and is part of a group in which the user can turn on only one button at a time. A picture on the on-off indicator identifies the kind of setting. Source: NUIG
 
PIE
See Personal Interactive Electronics Division.
 
PIM
See Personal Information Manager.
 
PIN
Personal Identification Number. A unique series of numerals that allows secure access to a system or device. Similar to a password.
 
Pixel
Short for picture element; the smallest dot the Newton can draw on the screen. On a Newton MessagePad, there are 80 pixels to an inch. Each pixel can be either black or white, so it can be represented by a bit; thus, the display is said to be a bitmap. Source: NUIG
 
PKG
Newton package format, usually seen as a file name extension on a desktop computer.
 
PN
Planet Newton, web site home to the NewtonTalk mailing list and download archive.
 
Pocket Newton
See Junior. Source: AD
 
Point
A unit of measurement for type. There are approximately 72 points to an inch. Source: NUIG
 
Pointer
An address, from the point of view of a programming language. A pointer may be typed, with its type indicating the type of data to which it points. See also Magic Pointers Table. Source: FOLDOC
 
Polygon
A shape defined by a sequence of points representing the polygon's vertices, connected by straight lines from one point to the next. Source: NPG
 
Poof
The sound associated with the puff of smoke animation which occurs after deleting text or ink drawings by scrubbing with the stylus on the screen. See also Scrubbing. Source: GH
 
Poof It
To erase something on a Newton device using the scrubbing action, in this case described by Anton Balaban's young son. See also Poof and Scrubbing. Source: AB
 
Pop-Up
See Picker. Source: NPG
 
Poutine
A culinary anomaly originating in Quebec consisting of cheese curds and gravy poured over French fried potatoes. Poutine is also a strangely recurrent theme on the NewtonTalk mailing list. Source: GH
 
Power Port
A connector on the Newton device which accepts a plug from an AC adapter or other external power source. Source: MPH
 
Power Reset
A method of resetting a Newton device by pressing the Reset button and holding down the power switch. A power reset does not cause any data loss but will reset the power manager. See also Cold Boot, Deep Reset, Soft Reset, Hard Reset, and System Reset. Source: TIL
 
Print Recognizer
The algorithmic component of the hand writing recognition system that identifies printed characters. See also Rosetta and Cursive Recognizer.
 
Project
The collected files and specifications that NTK uses to build a package that can be downloaded and executed on the Newton. Source: NPG
 
Project Build
To compile all of the various files, resources, and other data components for a given project into an executable program. See also Project File.
 
Project File
A Newton Toolkit file that contains a list of files to be included in a build and the build specifications. See also Project Build. Source: NTK
 
Proto
A frame referenced through another frame's _proto slot. With regard to views, a proto is not intended to be directly instantiated - you reference the proto from a template. The system supplies several view protos, which an application can use to implement user interface elements such as buttons, input fields, and so on. Source: NPG
 
Proto Template
A predefined template that defines the appearance and behavior of a standard interface element, such as a Close box or a status slip. A proto template is called a "proto" for short. Source: NUIG
 
Protocol
An agreed-upon set of conventions for communications between two computers, such as the protocol used to communicate between a desktop computer and a Newton device. Source: NPG
 
Public Jumptable
A list of branching instructions indirectly pointing to native Newton OS functions. For every version of the version 2.x Newton ROM, the functions are always at the same offset in the jumptable. Native programs can call these functions via the standard public jumptable and they will work on every 2.x Newton. Also a series of branches pointing to the Patchable Jumptable. Source: PG
 
Put Away
A choice in the Tag Button picker which moves the current item or selected items to their logical home. For example a name item would be put away in the Name File. See also Tag Button. Source: ER
 
Q
Code name of the MessagePad 2000 and MessagePad 2100 devices. Source: BT
 
Quark
Code name of the MessagePad 130 device. See also Dante. Source: AOM
 
Radio Button
A standard Newton control that displays its state, either on or off, and is part of a group in which the user can turn on only one button at a time. A text label next to the on-off indicator identifies the kind of setting. Source: NUIG
 
Ralph
The code name for the programming language developed at Apple that was to run on the original Newton platform. Named after Ralph Ellison, the author of The Invisible Man. See also Denali and Dylan. Source: DG
 
RAM
Random Access Memory. A type of data storage where the order of access to the contents does not affect the speed of access. Source: FOLDOC
 
Raw Ink
See Ink. Source: NPG
 
RCU
See Revelar Connection Utility.
 
Receiver
The frame that was sent a message. The receiver for the invocation of a function object is accessible through the pseudo-variable self. See also Implementor. Source: NPG
 
Recognized Text
Ink words processed by the recognition system. Ink drawn by the user is converted into recognized text when the user has selected "Text" in the Recognition Preferences slip or after deferred recognition takes place. See also Ink Word. Source: NPG
 
Recognizer
See Cursive Recognizer and Print Recognizer.
 
Rectangle
A shape defined by two points - its top-left and its bottom-right corners - or by four boundaries - its upper, left, bottom, and right sides. Source: NPG
 
Reference
A value that indirectly refers to an array, frame, or binary object. See also Immediate. Source: NPG
 
Region
An arbitrary area or set of areas on the coordinate plane. The outline of a region should be one or more closed loops. Source: NPG
 
Reset Button
A button found on the back of a Newton device which allows you resolve some problems that may occur during the operation of the device. See also Soft Reset, Power Reset, and Deep Reset. Source: MPH
 
Resource
Raw data - usually bitmaps or sounds - stored on the development system and incorporated into a Newton application during the project build. Source: NPG
 
Resource File
A file that contains Macintosh-style resources, to be used during a Newton Toolkit project build. Source: NTK
 
Restore
To replace all the information in a Newton with information from a file on the desktop. Source: NPG
 
Restricted Entry Field
A field of a view that accepts as user input only the values specified in the view's template slot. For example, a field for entering phone numbers might restrict acceptable user input to numerals. Source: NPG
 
Revelar Connection Utility
Software developed by Revelar Inc. which allows users to export, modify, and share data from their Newton device with Macintosh computers. Works with data used by the Notes, Names, Dates, and Calls applications. Also referred to as RCU. See also ADF and Notable.
 
REX
See ROM Extension.
 
Rich String
A string object that contains imbedded ink words. Rich strings create a compact representation for strings that contain ink words and can be used with most of the string-processing functions provided in the system software. See also Rich String Format. Source: NPG
 
Rich String Format
The internal representation used for rich strings. Each ink word is represented by a special placeholder character in the string. The data for each ink word is stored after the string terminator character. The final 32 bits in a rich string encode information about the rich string. Source: NPG
 
Rich Text Format
A standard for encoding formatted text and graphics originally developed by Microsoft. Source: TE
 
RISC
Reduced Instruction Set Computer. A processor designed to execute a rapid sequence of simple instructions rather than a large variety of complex instructions. Source: TE
 
RJ-11
A modular telephone jack standard used mainly in North America. See also Xjack.
 
RJ-45
A modular jack standard similar in style to, but larger than an RJ-11 used for Ethernet connections.
 
ROM
Read-Only Memory. A type of non-volatile data storage which is manufactured with fixed contents. The Newton operating system resides in ROM and cannot be changed or deleted directly. Source: FOLDOC
 
ROM Extension
Additional operating system data external to the data contained in the base Newton OS ROM image. Apple branded Newtons have the Apple ROM Extension (or REX) as the first ROM extension which includes most Newton OS applications. Clones or licensed Newton devices usually include the Apple REX and sometimes include a specific, custom ROM extension. There can be up to four ROM extensions on the N2 platform. Source: PG
 
ROM Patch
See patch.
 
Root View
The topmost parent view in the view hierarchy. All other views descend from the root view. Source: NPG
 
Rosetta
Code name for the software based print handwriting recognition system developed by Apple. See also Print Recognizer.
 
Rosetta Stone
Code name for the Mac OS version of the Rosetta handwriting recognition system. See also InkWell. Source: ZD
 
Rotate
To change the orientation of the displayed content on a Newton device. See also Orientation.
 
Rounded Rectangle
A rectangle with rounded corners. The shape is defined by the rectangle itself, along with the diameter of the circles forming the corners (called the diameter of curvature). Source: NPG
 
Routing
The process of sending or receiving data through the built-in In/Out Box application using a communications transport such as printing, faxing, beaming, or e-mailing. Routing data is generally initiated by using one of the options found in the Action Picker. Source: NUIG
 
Routing Button
See Action Picker. Source: GH
 
Routing Format
A frame that describes how to format an object that is to be sent (routed). Examples include print routing formats, which describe how to visually format data, and frame routing formats, which describe the internal structure of a frame. Source: NPG
 
Routing Slip
A view in which a user specifies the sender, recipient, format, and other information needed to send data by the method the user picked from the Action Picker. See also Routing. Source: NUIG
 
RS232
A standard for serial communication between computers and peripheral devices such as modems and terminals. Source: TE
 
RTF
See Rich Text Format.
 
Rubber Nubs
See Nipples. Source: NTLK
 
Runt
Code name for the ASIC chip set used in the older Newton devices. Rumored to have been called Runt because of the small form factor of the original Newton. Source: NTLK
 
RYO
Roll Your Own. A utility for adding status bar buttons at the bottom of the Newton display to facilitate the launching of commonly used applications. RYO also allows the creation of invisible buttons on the bottom halves of the permanent hard buttons found on 1x0 series Newton devices. See also Button Bar, Hard Button, and Silk Screen Button. Source: NTLK
 
SBM
Softwarebuero Mueller. A German software development company that produces many applications specifically for the Newton platform. See also SBM Utilities.
 
SBM Utilities
A collection of Newton OS diagnostic and repair tools created by the software company Softwarebuero Mueller.
 
Schoolbook
Code name of the eMate 300 device. See also eMate 300, K, and Shay. Source: AOM
 
Script Icon
An icon that executes a function object when tapped. Source: NPG
 
Scroll
To cause currently displayed data to move off the screen and be replaced by data that was not visible. See also Scroll Arrows. Source: NUIG
 
Scroll Arrows
Small icon-based buttons which are used to cause currently displayed data to move off the screen and be replaced by data that was not visible. See also Icon, Scroll, Local Scroll Arrows, and Universal Scroll Arrows. Source: GH
 
Scrolling List
A boxed list of text items. A user sees more items by tapping the universal scroll arrows or optional local scroll arrows, and selects one or more items by tapping them. See also Local Scroll Arrows, Universal Scroll Arrows, Clanking, and Scroll Arrows. Source: NUIG
 
Scrub
See Scrubbing.
 
Scrubbing
A method of erasing or deleting words or images using a zig zag motion with the pen. See also Poof and Poof It. Source: GH
 
SDK
See Software Developers Kit.
 
Seahorse
A rugged, wireless Newton clone developed by Digital Ocean. Similar to the Tarpon, the Seahorse also featured technologies that allowed for applications as wireless communications using a headset and GPS. See also Tarpon and Clone. Source: TNC
 
Select
To designate an object by tapping, double-tapping, or dragging across it. The next action that happens to an object happens to the selected object. selection The object or group of objects most recently designated to be affected by the next action. Source: NUIG
 
Self
A pseudo-variable that is set to the current receiver. Source: NPG
 
Senior
Code name of the larger format, slate-like original MessagePad device that was never fully developed. The debugger ROM image for the MessagePad 2x00 series is also called the Senior Cirrus Debug, perpetuating the theory that Senior actually existed and ended up being the MP2000. Also referred to as Newton Plus. See also Cadillac, Figaro, and Mont Blanc. Source: DG
 
Separator Bar
A heavy black line that heads each item in a view that can display multiple items at once. A separator bar carries the title of the item below it and also carries controls that affect only the one item. Source: NUIG
 
Serious Bandwidth
A legendary anecdote where a Newton user named Robert McNally entered Lewis Carrol's Jabberwocky into an original Newton device and had the handwriting recognition generate what was basically a new lyric poem. The phrase Serious Bandwidth was the translation of Frumious Bandersnatch from the original poem. Source: GH
 
Shape
A picture composed of geometric shapes such as straight lines and curves, circles and ovals, and rectangles and other polygons. Also a data structure used by the drawing system to draw an image on the screen. Source: NUIG
 
SharpIR
See ASK.
 
Shay
Code name of the eMate 300 device. See also eMate 300, K, and Schoolbook. Source: BT
 
Sibling Views
Two or more views contained by one other view - their parent view. Source: NUIG
 
Siblings
Child frames that have the same parent frame. Source: NPG
 
SIG
See Special Interest Group.
 
Signature
See Application Signature.
 
Silk Button
See Silk Screen Button. Source: NTLK
 
Silk Screen Button
A permanent Icon button found in the button bar at the bottom of 1x0 series Newton devices. So called because the icon is silk screen printed on the surface of the device display. See also Button Bar, Hard Button, Soft Button, and RYO. Source: NTLK
 
SimpleMail
An e-mail transport that lets you send and receive messages over the internet. Created by Simon Bell. See also Transport and In/Out Box.
 
Sketch Ink
See Ink. Source: NPG
 
Sleep
An inactive state of a Newton device where system and peripheral functions are shut down, but the device can still respond to an external signal. See also Wake. Source: TE
 
Slider
A control with a marker that indicates an amount, degree, or value in relation to a range of possible values. The user can adjust the setting by dragging the marker on a slider. See also Gauge. Source: NUIG
 
Slip
A matte-framed container view that an application displays to get detailed user input, or to present alternatives among which a user can choose to determine the outcome of a task just begun. Source: NUIG
 
Slot
An element of a frame or array that can hold an immediate or reference. Source: NPG
 
Smirkers
The group of skeptical Apple employees working on the Newton project who doubted the feasibility and operability of both the larger Newton-based device code named Senior and the Dylan language running on the device. See also Dylan, Senior, and Junior. Source: DG
 
Snowflake
The type of icon used to indicate that a package has been frozen. See also Freeze, Frozen Package, Thaw, and Thawed Package. Source: NTJ
 
Soft Button
A user modifiable icon button found in the button bar section of the screen on 2x00 series Newton devices. Soft buttons may be customized by dragging icons to and from the Extras drawer. See also Hard Button and Button Bar. Source: GH
 
Soft Reset
A method of resetting a Newton device by pressing the Reset button. A soft reset does not cause any data loss. Also referred to as a Software Reset. See also Cold Boot, Deep Reset, Hard Reset, Power Reset, and System Reset. Source: NFAQ
 
Software Developers Kit
A set of software routines, tools, libraries, and other utilities that help programmers create an application.
 
Software Reset
See Soft Reset.
 
SONUG
Southern Ontario Newton Users Group. See also Newton User Group. Source: GH
 
Soup
A persistently stored object that contains a series of frames called entries. Like a database, a soup has indexes you can use to access entries in a sorted order. See also Union Soup. Source: NPG
 
Soup Icon
An icon that represents one or more soups, usually in the Storage folder of the Extras Drawer. Source: NPG
 
Soupervisor Mechanism
The system service that presents the user with information about a soup when the user taps its icon in the Extras Drawer. It allows for filing or moving all soup entries. Source: NPG
 
Special Interest Group
A like-minded collection of individuals who concentrate their knowledge, skills, and abilities on a special theme, technology, or goal.
 
Squeak
The sound made by the Newton device after pressing and holding the pen on the screen until a large dot appears. Used to indicate the start of an action to selecting a block of text or a shape. See also Heavy Mark. Source: ER
 
Squiggles
See Jaggies.
 
Squirt
See Squirting.
 
Squirting
A term used by early Newton developers to denote beaming of information between Newton devices using the infrared communications port. See also Infrared and Beaming. Source: DG
 
SRAM
Static Random Access Memory. A memory chip that requires power to hold its content. They do not require refresh circuitry as do dynamic RAM chips, but take up more space and use more power. See also DRAM and Flash RAM. Source: TE
 
Stack Activation Record
A frame on the function-call stack that describes a function that has not yet completed execution. A stack activation record contains a pointer to the next instruction that is to be executed; the function's receiver and implementor, if any; and the function's parameters, temporary variables, and named variables. See also Function Call Stack. Source: NTK
 
StarCore
The Newton software publishing division of Apple.
 
Stationery
Refers to the capability of having different kinds of data within a single application (such as plain notes and outlines in the Notepad) and/or to the capability of having different ways of viewing the same data (such as the Card and All Info views in the Names file). Implementing stationery involves writing data definitions and view definitions. See also Data Definition and View Definition. Source: NPG
 
Status Box
A black-framed container view that displays a static message saying the Newton is busy completing a lengthy process. Source: NUIG
 
Status Slip
A view that an application displays when it begins an operation that takes more than a few seconds to complete. A status slip contains a message describing the application's busy status. system proto See also Proto Template. Source: NUIG
 
Storage
See Store.
 
Storage Card
See Flash Card.
 
Store
A physical repository that can contain soups and packages. A store is like a volume on a disk on a personal computer. See also External Store and Internal Store. Source: NPG
 
Store Part
A part that encapsulates a read-only store. This store may contain one or more soup objects. Store parts permit soup-like access to read-only data residing in a package. Store parts are sometimes referred to as package stores. Source: NPG
 
Stream File
A file encoded in Newton Streamed Object Format. You can use Newton Toolkit to build stream files, and you can incorporate stream files into NTK projects. Source: NTK
 
StrongARM
The low-power RISC processor used in Newton OS devices, developed by ARM in conjunction with Digital Equipment Corporation. See also ARM.
 
Styles
A built-in application used to change the attributes of the currently selected font, including the family, style, and point size. See also Font, Font Style, and Font Size.
 
Stylus
See Pen.
 
Sync
See Synchronize.
 
Synchronization
See Synchronize.
 
Synchronize
A process where the data stored in two different locations is compared and updated so that both copies end up the same.
 
System Memory
A pseudo concept that is commonly confused with the terms NewtonScript Heap, C++ Heap, and System RAM. Source: PG
 
System Patch
See System Update. Source: GH
 
System Patch Pages
Memory pages that replace the ROM (or ROM Extension) pages of the Patchable Jumptable or the Magic Pointers Table. Source: PG
 
System RAM
The amount of total installed DRAM in a Newton Device. The amount of system RAM is displayed in the Memory Info Slip. Source: PG
 
System Reset
A method of resetting a Newton device by removing the batteries and an other external power source. The risk of data loss depends on the particular Newton device, but can include the resetting of clock and calendar information. See also Deep Reset, Soft Reset, Hard Reset, Power Reset, and Cold Boot. Source: MP2KUG
 
System Update
A software patch that is installed on a Newton device to modify or change certain aspects of the ROM-based operating system. Also referred to as a System Patch. See also Patch. Source: GH
 
TAE
German telephone plug.
 
Tag
See Tag Button. Source: GH
 
Tag Button
The small button used in applications to invoke information tagging functions such as logging or putting away the currently selected item. When tapped, it displays a picker listing tagging options available for the current item. See also Put Away. Source: GH
 
Tap
To touch briefly with the pen. Source: NUIG
 
Tap-and-a-half
To tap and then at the same spot quickly half-tap; the pen goes down, up, and down (but not up again). Source: NUIG
 
Tapping
The repeated action of briefly touching the screen with the pen.
 
Target
The object being acted upon. Sometimes the target consists of multiple items, for example, when multiple items are selected from an overview for sending. Source: NPG
 
Tarpon
A rugged, wireless Newton clone developed by Digital Ocean. The Tarpon was designed specifically for use in the field. See also Seahorse and Clone. Source: TNC
 
TCP
Transmission Control Protocol. Part of the TCP/IP protocol which provides transport functions ensuring that the total amount of bytes sent is received correctly at the other end. See also TCP/IP and IP. Source: TE
 
TCP/IP
A routable data transmission protocol used on the Internet that has become the global standard for communications. See also TCP and IP. Source: TE
 
Template
A read-only data structure that precisely specifies a view, encapsulating all the view's attributes and behaviors. Source: NUIG
 
Text Button
A control, bordered by a rounded rectangle, that the user taps to designate, confirm, or cancel an action described by a text label inside the border. Source: NUIG
 
Text File
A file that contains text to be compiled during the build. Source: NTK
 
Text Run
A sequence of characters that are all displayed with the same font specification. Text is represented in paragraph views as a series of text runs with corresponding style (font spec) information. See also font spec. Source: NPG
 
Thaw
To restore the activity of an application or extension package. Thawing a package is similar to inserting a PC card that the package is stored on and it being activated. See also Freeze.
 
Thawed Package
A package that is no longer suspended and is once again able to be used. See also Frozen Package.
 
Thawing
See Thaw.
 
Thin Small Outline Package
A plastic, rectangular surface mount computer chip.
 
Tibet
Software that facilitates the capture and sharing photographs using a digital camera and a Newton device.
 
Tick
A sixtieth of a second. Source: NPG
 
TIL
Technical Info Library. A collection of documents created and maintained by Apple relating to the support of their products. Each TIL document can be referenced by a unique ID number on the Apple web site. The Technical Info Library has been superceded by the AppleCare Knowledge Archive. Source: TIL
 
TON
This Old Newt. A web site maintained by Rich Lindsay and home of the Newtie awards.
 
Transport
A NewtonScript object that provides a communication service to the Newton In/Out Box. It interfaces between the In/Out Box and an endpoint. Examples include the print, fax, beam, and mail transports. See also Endpoint. Source: NPG
 
TSOP
See Thin Small Outline Package.
 
Type Ahead
The process by which the Newton system stores keystrokes (typed faster than the system can process) for later processing. Source: NUIG
 
UI
See User Interface.
 
UMP
Upgraded MessagePad. Generally referring to a MessagePad 2000 device that has had the system memory upgraded to the equivalent of a MessagePad 2100. Also referred to as UMP2K. Source: NTLK
 
UMP2K
See UMP. Source: NTLK
 
Union Soup
A soup that exists on multiple stores. See also Soup and Store. Source: VR
 
Universal Scroll Arrows
Scroll arrows which are found in the standard button bar of any Newton device. See also Local Scroll Arrows, Scroll Arrows, Scroll, and Button Bar. Source: GH
 
Universal Serial Bus
A hardware interface for low speed peripherals such as keyboards and other input devices. USB devices may be hot swapped. Source: TE
 
UNNA
United Network of Newton Archives, web site maintained by Victor Rehorst
 
Unobtainium
The material that hard to find replacement parts are made out of. Specifically, the small rubber feet found on the back of most Newton devices are supposedly made from Unobtainium. See also Nipples. Source: NTLK
 
USB
See Universal Serial Bus.
 
User Interface
The rules and conventions by which a device communicates and interacts with the person operating it. Also referred to as simply UI. See also Graphical User Interface. Source: NUIG
 
User Proto
A proto defined by an application developer, not supplied by the system. Source: NPG
 
User Storage
The amount of installed memory in a Newton device that can be used for program and data storage. Roughly equivalent to hard drive space on a desktop computer. Source: HFAQ
 
VBO
See Virtual Binary Object.
 
vCard
A standard data format for electronic business cards. Information is typically contained in a file with a .vcf extension. The information in a vCard that has been transferred to a Newton device can be converted into a Names record using an application such as SimpleMail or NewtDump.
 
VCF
See vCard.
 
View
A visual object on the screen, including but not limited to a container view. For example, text buttons, pickers, and input areas are also views. Each view is internally represented by a template. Source: NUIG
 
View Class
A primitive building block on which a view is based. All view protos are based directly or indirectly (through another proto) on a view class. The view class of a view is specified in the viewClass slot of its template or proto. Source: NPG
 
View Definition
A view template that defines how to display data from a particular data definition. A view definition is registered with the system under the name of the data definition to which it applies. The shortened term viewDef is sometimes used. See also Data Definition. Source: NPG
 
ViewFrame
A NewtonScript object browsing and debugging tool used to navigate, inspect, and modify soup data. ViewFrame was developed by Jason Harper. See also Frame, NewtonScript, Object, and Soup. Source: GH
 
Virtual Address
A value representing a non-physical location for a piece of data. The microprocessor (and hence the programs) do not access data at the physical location in memory, but at the virtual location, which can be translated into the physical location by the Memory Management Unit. See also Physical Address. Source: PG
 
Virtual Binary Object
A special kind of container object that is useful for holding binary data larger than the available space in the NewtonScript heap. Virtual binary objects are useful because they do not take up space in the NewtonScript heap, but directly on the stores, and they may be compressed. Also referred to as VBO. Source: NPG
 
Virtual Memory
A technique involving a Memory Management Unit to use more memory pages than physically available. On a Newton device, the data contained in the various stores is translated, uncompressed, and mapped to memory pages when needed by the processor. When they are not needed, the Newton OS can take the memory page and reallocate it somewhere else. A Newton device is therefore able to handle very large stores with a small amount of DRAM. Unlike traditional virtual memory mechanisms, the heaps (especially the NewtonScript heap) are generally not included into the virtual memory mechanism, although the Newton OS can apparently support it. Source: PG
 
VLSI
Very Large Scale Integration. Semiconductor integrated circuits composed of hundreds of thousands of logic elements or memory cells. Source: FOLDOC
 
Voyager
Code name for the ASIC chip set used in the MessagePad 2x00 and eMate 300 Newton devices. The Voyager chip was developed by Cirrus Logic, and the designation Cirrus is also sometimes used as a code name. See also N2.
 
Waba
A simplified implementation of the Java Virtual Machine created specifically for small computing devices. Sean Luke is responsible for the Newton compatible version of Waba. Source: SL
 
Wake
To activate a Newton device from an inactive state using an external signal. See also Sleep.
 
Wallyscript
The nickname given to NewtonScript in honor of its designer, Walter R. Smith. See also NewtonScript. Source: DG
 
Walt
The code name for an Apple/BellSouth collaboration on an experimental telecommunication device that utilized Newton technologies. The term Walt was an acronym for "Wizzy Active Lifestyle Telephone". Source: DG
 
Watson
A specialized Newton clone developed by Schlumberger for the French healthcare market. It was based on the MessagePad 2x00 platform and incorporated a smartcard reader that allowed for secure electronic transactions thus reducing the cost of processing healthcare claims. Source: NI
 
WaveLan
A brand name used by Lucent, Orinoco, and Farallon on their version of the 802.11 wireless communication card. See also AirPort and 802.11.
 
Wedge
A pie-shaped segment of an oval, bounded by a pair of radii joining at the oval's center. See also Arc. Wedge is also a code name of the original MessagePad device. See also Batman, Junior, and OMP. Source: NPG
 
WEP
See Wired Equivalent Privacy. Source: TE
 
Wired Equivalent Privacy
An security protocol used on 802.11 type wireless networks. The encryption method used in the WEP protocol is so named because it was designed to provide security "equivalent" to that which is available in wired networks. See also 802.11. Source: TE
 
Word List
A user editable record of words and names that the Newton device uses in addition to its built-in list. Word lists are used to recognize text entered by the user. Source: GH
 
Word Wrap
The automatic continuation of text from the end of one line to the beginning of the next without breaking in the middle of a word. Source: NUIG
 
Workfile
The main data file created by the Newton Connection Kit software containing all of the information used when synchronizing a Newton device with a desktop computer. Source: NCK
 
Works
See Newton Works.
 
Worksite
See Emporium.
 
X
See Close Box. Source: MPH
 
Xjack
A collapsible RJ-11 style connector usually found on PC card modems. See also RJ-11 and PCMCIA.
 
XTND
A system of file format translators developed by Claris Corporation used in a variety of Mac OS software applications including Newton Press. Source: GH
 
Zig Zag
See Scrubbing.

 

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